Vision problems are among the most common problems that the young and the elderly shared. These conditions occur when eye function deviates from the normal. Although it is expected in the elderly, the number of young people with vision problems are also increasing.
Some people believe that sitting too close to the TV screen or computer can damage one’s vision. Others also believe that visual problems may be the result of reading without a bright light. However, there is no clear scientific evidence that support these claims. These practices may lead to eye strain, but it is not enough to damage one’s vision.
The eye shape has something to do with vision. People with round big eyes often have 20/20 vision while those with unusually shaped eyes are more likely to need corrective lenses. The following are the vision problems that commonly affect young people.
Common Vision Problems
Nearsightedness or Myopia
Myopia affects many kids and teenagers. With this, they are unable to focus on objects that are far away. Distant images appear blurry because their eyeball is too long for the focusing power.
Farsightedness or Hyperopia
Hyperopia is a condition where a person can see farther objects more clearly than those near them. This happens when the cornea is too flat or the eye is shorter than normal.
A person with astigmatism has blurry vision at all distances. It affects those who have an irregularly-shaped cornea or lens. The blurred vision is worse in one direction. It can either be vertically, horizontally or diagonally. This may occur along with myopia or hyperopia.
Presbyopia commonly occurs in adults above the age of 35. In this condition, the eye loses its ability to focus on objects. This is because the lens is no longer able to change its shape in order to focus clearly.
Signs and Symptoms
• Frequent eye strain
• Blurred vision
• Halos around bright lights
Ophthalmologists diagnose refractive errors. They lead the patient through a comprehensive dilated eye examination to rule out any problems. The eye care professional will provide solutions such as glasses, contact lenses or LASIK eye surgery.
Contact Lenses and Eyeglasses
Contact lenses and eyeglasses have curves that refract the light in order to compensate for the refractive error. These artificial lenses will intercept and bend the light so that it focuses on the retina like normal.
LASIK Eye Surgery
LASIK or laser in situ keratomileusis eye surgery uses a laser to correct the cornea’s shape. The excimer laser used improves vision and treats refractive errors. With this, people with refractive errors don’t have to wear eyeglasses or contacts anymore.
People aged 18 to 40 should enjoy healthy vision. Generally, people at this age develop vision problems due to visual stress and eye injuries. With proper care, everyone can maintain their perfectly clear vision. Those who already have bad eyesight can also improve their condition.
Eating food rich in antioxidants and vitamin A can help maintain eye health. Be sure to include vegetables, fruits and fish in your regular diet. According to studies, carrots and other vegetables significantly improve vision problems. This is because they have the necessary vitamins and minerals that will help facilitate eye functioning.
Exercising regularly helps remove toxins, improve oxygen levels and boost blood circulation. Exercise is proven to have terrific effects on the eyes and the whole body.
Smoking makes people develop cataracts and other age-related macular degeneration. This is because cigarettes contain high levels of harmful chemicals. Young people who want to save their clear vision should quit smoking as early as possible.
People should wear sunglasses with UVA and UVB protectors when going outdoors. The harmful UV rays have serious effects on the eyes.
Get Periodic Eye Exams
Individuals who are at risk for visual issues due to their family history, diabetes, high blood pressure or past vision problems should have themselves checked more frequently. Meanwhile, young people from the ages of 19 to 40 should have eye examinations at least once every two years. Doing so allows them to detect early visual problems and treat them before they get worse. It is important to report any unusual changes in vision.
The eyes should always be healthy. Nowadays, more and more people suffer from visual problems at an early age. Fortunately, there are new treatment options that will ensure the perfect vision without the hassle of eyeglasses and contact lenses.
LASIK eye surgery is the newest and most efficient refractive error treatment available today. However, it is important to choose the best LASIK surgeon who can accurately evaluate whether the procedure is right for your condition. An individual who is not qualified for LASIK has many other options such as PRK, epi-LASEK or LASEK.
LASIK is an outpatient procedure that is fast and convenient. This means there is no need to stay overnight in the hospital. LASIK is the best option for young people who wish to regain their normal vision and enjoy it for the rest of their lives.