Types Of Weight Loss Surgery

Written on:February 20, 2013
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In Oklahoma as in many parts of the US, obesity is on the rise – and it’s becoming a prominent health concern.

There are many reasons why Oklahomans are increasingly facing problems with obesity, including a move toward less physically active jobs, the availability of cheap junk food and relatively high cost of healthy food, and a lack of information about proper diet and exercise.

But regardless of the reason, the result is the same, however: more and more people are asking about options for weight loss surgery in Oklahoma.


Who It Is For

It’s important to understand that weight loss surgery is not for everyone. Typically, doctors only recommend weight loss surgery for people who are severely obese, i.e., men who are more than 100 pounds overweight and women who are more than 80 pounds overweight.

Like any surgery, weight loss surgery is a serious decision that involves a life-altering change to the body. It’s important to try other methods of weight loss, such as diet and exercise, first.

In some cases doctors will also recommend weight loss surgery for people who are less severely obese.

Obesity and poor diet correlates with a high rate of diabetes, high blood pressure, and heart disease.

Losing weight helps moderate the worst effects of diabetes and reduces risk of heart attack.

Thus, diabetics and persons who are facing a risk of heart disease may be advised to try weight loss surgery if other weight loss methods have failed.


Types of Weight Loss Surgery

There are two main types of weight loss surgery. The first and most common is the gastric bypass. This is a common procedure because it generally has fewer complications than other stomach surgeries, but it still has risks.

A bypass usually involves, at a minimum, folding over or sealing off part of the stomach so that the stomach can hold less food – as little as one ounce. In some cases, part of the small intestine is sewn directly to this pouch, so that food passes straight into the intestine and less of it is absorbed by the body.

Another common form of weight loss surgery is the gastric band or lap band. This is favored by some surgeons because it is less intrusive, though it is still risky. A device shaped like a belt or inflatable band is fitted around the stomach during surgery, and acts to restrict the size of the stomach so that it can only hold a few ounces of food.

This surgery does not reduce how much the body absorbs from food.


Do Your Research Before Deciding

Both types of surgery come with risks and potential complications. You should consult with a doctor and do your own research before deciding to have any type of weight loss surgery.

In cases of extreme obesity or health risk from excess weight, surgery presents an additional health option.

You should talk to your doctor for more details…

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