Toenail Fungus – Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Written on:January 23, 2013
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Have you ever encounter having fungus in your nails?  This is the article that might answer all your questions.

We will try to give you every bit of information that we can about: toenail fungus and how you can get with it properly so that you can prevent any complications that may arise in the future.



The Initial Details

Toenail fungus is also known as Onychomycosis in the medical world.  It is a severely common condition that can destroy toenails.  The basic reports of your feet that are attacked by the fungus would be the big and little toe.


Major Causes

Toenail fungus is generally caused by different types of fungi that may grow inside your nails.  It usually thrives in a moist environment within your shoes.  If it grows into your nails, it will invade a feed on the Keratin in your nails.

This disease usually occurs in children but tend to gradually progress up to adulthood.  There are many risk factors involved with this condition.  These are as follows.


Risk Factors

If you’ll always wear tight fitting shoes and layers upon layers of nail polish, you are highly susceptible to having toenail fungus.  If you have various diseases such as HIV or diabetes, it will be most likely that you can spread the disease far quicker than any other individual.



Here are some of the symptoms of Tonailfungus that you have to watch out for.

  • Discoloration in the affected nails
  • Unpleasant odor coming from the nails
  • The nails will grow weaker over time and may fall off eventually.
  • In addition to this, it may also grow thick which may cause pain for patient when wearing shoes.

If you have any of these symptoms, it would be important for you to make sure that you are able to go to your doctor right away. The doctor will be able to diagnose the condition through samples and microscopic observation.


Possible Treatment Methods

In order to treat the condition effectively, the doctors will have to trim and file your nails carefully.  Some doctors may also prescribe a medicated nail polish that can help treat the condition.

If the infection persists, oral medication is also recommended.  Here are some of the examples of effective oral medications for toenail fungus.

  • Lamisil
  • Sporanox

Treatment may last for about 12 weeks.  However, surgery may also be an option if the infection still persists after the above measures.  Furthermore, you can easily help prevent this condition by following some of the steps to be mentioned below.

  • Always wear comfortable shoes.  Make sure that your shoes will fit you well.
  • Daily feet washing can help you get rid of fungus in your toenails.
  • In addition, remember to wear sandals in public shower rooms
  • Make sure that your toenails are always trimmed.
  • If you can, make sure to avoid applying multiple layers of nail polish.

By doing these steps, you will be able to prevent the growth of fungus in your toenails effectively.  It would also help to contact your Physician right away in case symptoms of the said disease occur.

Image credit: nobilior / 123RF Stock Photo

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