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Nasal Polyps – Causes, Symptoms And Treatment

Written on:January 16, 2013
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Having nasal polyps is one of the most dangerous conditions that a person can have. This is because it can lead to various complications such as sinus blockage, difficulty in breathing and a lot more.

This article will focus on the salient points that you need to remember if ever you encounter these types of blockages in the future.

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What are Nasal Polyps?

Nasal polyps refer to the growths within the nasal cavity which can specifically be found in the mucous membrane.  It is usually a symptom of other underlying causes such as allergic rhinitis.

Furthermore, it can be described as movable and non-tender.

 

Classifications

This condition can be classified into two types.  These are as follows:

 

Anthrochoanal Polyps

This type arises from the maxillary sinuses.  They are much less common than the second type of polyps.  Here are other details about the first type as follows:

  • Single
  • Unilateral
  • Commonly occurs during infancy

 

Ethmoidal Polyps

This type of polyps can be found in the ethmoidal sinuses. In addition to this, there are other characteristics that can be found in the condition.  These are as follows:

  • Bilateral
  • This usually occurs during adulthood
  • Multiple growths (polyposis)

 

Major Symptoms

As mentioned earlier, here are some of the major symptoms that you should watch out for if you have nasal polyps.

  • Blockage of the Sinuses
  • Sinusitis
  • Anosmia or loss of the olfactory senses

If you have any of the symptoms, you should be able to contact your doctor right away to make sure that you will be able to get treatment as soon as possible without further complications.

 

The Causes

Nasal polyps are one of those diseases that have an unknown cause.  Some experts think that it can be caused by allergies or by cystic fibrosis.  Some relate it to adult asthma but the problem is it has no known allergic trigger.

One thing is for sure, it has no relation to polyps in the colon or uterus.  In connection with this, if the polyps are unilateral, exacerbated as dictated because it can be caused by a nasal tumor that has yet to be discovered.

 

Related Diseases

Here are some of the related diseases that you can attribute in connection to nasal polyps.  These are as follows:

  • Chronic Rhino-sinusitis
  • Salicylate Sensitivity
  • Aspirin Intolerance
  • Cystic Fibrosis
  • Asthma
  • Churg-Strauss syndrome
  • Nasal Mastocytosis
  • Kartagener’s Syndrome
  • Young’s Syndrome
  • Chromium Exposure

 

Possible Treatment Methods

Some of the most common treatment methods would be steroids or any topical treatment.  However, surgery can also be used as a form of treatment.

Surgical removal of the polyps will last for about 45 minutes to an hour at the most.  It will be done using endoscopic surgery.  Recovery would take about 1 to 3 weeks.

These are just some of our basic information that you need to know about the condition so that you would be able to treat it well and fast with the help of your doctor.

Do not hesitate to ask for any and all information about the disease as soon as you come in contact with your Physician.

Image credit: sjenner13 / 123RF Stock Photo

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